CHAPTER 50:03
LIQUID FUELS AND GAS (PRODUCTION AND SUPPLY)

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

   SECTION

PART I
PRELIMINARY

   1.   Short title

   2.   Application

   3.   Act not to apply to exploration of liquid fuels and gas

   4.   Interpretation

PART II
GENERAL PRINCIPLES

   5.   Objectives

   6.   Activities in chain of supply open to any person

PART III
FUNCTIONS OF THE MINISTER

   7.   Functions of the Minister

PART IV
LIQUID FUELS AND GAS PRODUCTION LICENCE

   8.   Obligation to obtain a production licence

   9.   Production activities to be licensed

   10.   Application for a production licence

   11.   Application fees and expenses

   12.   Approval of applications

   13.   Validity of production licence

   14.   Assignment of production licence

   15.   Suspension, revocation or termination of production licence

PART V
LIQUID FUELS AND GAS CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATING LICENCES

   16.   Obligation to obtain a licence

   17.   Activities to be licensed

   18.   Application for a licence

   19.   Application fees and expenses

   20.   Approval of applications

   21.   Validity of licences

   22.   Assignment of licences

   23.   Suspension, revocation or termination of licences

PART VI
OBLIGATIONS OF THE HOLDERS OF LICENCES

   24.   Compliance with laws, regulations, standards and specifications

   25.   Inspection and information

   26.   Minister to establish minimum stock requirements

   27.   National Liquid Fuels and Gas Information System

   28.   Reports and information to be submitted

   29.   Central Registry of Liquid Fuels and Gas Operations

PART VII
ASSURANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION

   30.   Prohibition against activities contrary to principles of fair competition

   31.   Negotiated access to unused capacities of third party facilities

PART VIII
PROTECTION OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, HEALTH AND WELFARE, PUBLIC SAFETY, PUBLIC HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT

   32.   Adoption and adaptation of international standards and specifications

   33.   Environmental impact studies

PART IX
NATIONAL LIQUID FUELS AND GAS EMERGENCY PLAN AND STRATEGIC FUEL RESERVE STORAGE

   34.   National Liquid Fuels and Gas Emergency Plan

   35.   Strategic Fuel Reserve Storage

PART X
PRODUCT PRICES, TAXES AND LEVIES

   36.   Approval of prices

   37.   Advisory committees

   38.   Levies

PART XI
MEDIATION AND APPEALS

   39.   Non-binding mediation by the Authority

   40.   Appeal to the High Court

PART XII
OFFENCES AND PENALTIES

   41.   Offences

   42.   Penalties

   43.   Joint liability

   44.   Initiation of actions by consumers

PART XIII
MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

   45.   Rehabilitation of area damaged by operations

   46.   Regulations

   47.   By-laws

   48.   Transitory regime for licences

   49.   Repeal and savings

      Schedule

23 of 2004
G.N. 40/2007

An Act to make provisions for production, blending, extraction, conversion, importing, transforming, transporting, storing, distributing and selling liquid fuels and gas in a liberalized market and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto

[28TH DECEMBER 2007]

PART I
PRELIMINARY

1.   Short title

   This Act may be cited as the Liquid Fuels and Gas (Production and Supply) Act.

2.   Application

   (1) The provisions of this Act shall apply to the production, extraction, conversion, importation, blending, transportation, storage, distribution, wholesale and retail sale of liquid fuels and gas and related activities within Malawi, and in the event that natural gas is used as boiler fuel, feed stock or for other commercial purposes in Malawi, all provisions of this Act which refer to liquid fuels and gas shall also apply to natural gas, whether imported or produced in Malawi, including compressed and liquefied natural gas.

   (2) The provisions of this Act shall apply to all persons, whether individual or body corporate, all departments and other entities of the Government, the Malawi Defence Force, all public corporations and all corporations under the Companies Act, subject to specific exemption for military and other entities for reasons of national security as may be authorized by the Minister by notice published in the Gazette.

3.   Act not to apply to exploration of oil and gas

   The activities and installations related to the prospecting, exploration, discovery and development of oil and gas within Malawi as well as the storage, transportation and transformation of such oil and gas within the limits of the development area shall be governed by the Petroleum Exploration Act.

4.   Interpretation

   In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—

   “Authority” means the Malawi Energy Regulatory Authority established under section 3 of the Energy Regulation Act;

   “chain of supply” means all operations, activities, installation equipment and other facilities, directly or indirectly, related to liquid fuels and gas supply operations;

   “commercial storage” means liquid fuels and gas storage held by a licensee for his day to day commercial operations;

   “consumer” has the meaning assigned thereto in the Consumer Protection Act;

   “Energy Laws” has the meaning ascribed thereto in the Energy Regulations Act;

   “exploration area” has the meaning assigned thereto in the Petroleum Exploration Act;

   “franchising” means an agreement between a licensee and a retail dealer under which the retail dealer is permitted to retail liquid fuels and gas under a designated business name;

   “importation” means buying liquid fuels and gas from a source outside Malawi by a licensee;

   “international haulage” means transportation of liquid fuels and gas into Malawi delivered at designated storage facilities of a licensee holding a storage licence;

   “internal distribution” means transportation of liquid fuel and gas within Malawi from storage facilities to wholesale and retail outlets;

   “licence” means a licence issued by the Authority under this Act;

   “licensee” means the holder of a licence under this Act;

   “liquid fuels and gas” means organic compounds, pure or blended, which are derived from the refining or processing of crude oils or mixes of crude oils, or refined from plant organic materials including—

   (a)   asphalts, bitumens, coke and other residual products;

   (b)   bunkers or heavy residual fuel oils for combustion engines or industrial heat processes such as burners for boilers or heating furnaces;

   (c)   commercial gases such as methane, ethane, propane, butane, LPG and other similar gases or mixture of these gases whether in gaseous or liquefied state;

   (d)   gas, oil or automotive industrial or marine diesel;

   (e)   gasolines (petrol) or naphtha products;

   (f)   kerosene or other similar oils for illumination or combustion applications;

   (g)   lubricating oils such as base oils and refined and blended finished oils;

   (h)   turbo fuels for jet propulsion engines;

   (i)   fuel ethanol; and

   (j)   other products or by-products of crude oil processing having a Flash Point lower than 120 degrees celsius, as determined in a Pensky-Martens closed test apparatus;

   “liquid fuels and gas supply undertaking operation” means any operation or installation and activities for or in connexion with the import, landing, loading, transformation, transport, storage, distribution, wholesale, retail or franchising of liquid fuels and gas products which are owned and operated by a licensee;

   “production area” means the area constituted by a block that is, or by blocks that are, subject to a liquid fuel and gas productions licence;

   “retailing” means selling of liquid fuels and gas on retail terms by a holder of a retail licence;

   “strategic fuel reserve storage” means liquid fuels storage held by Government for strategic purposes;

   “transportation” means the international haulage and local distribution of liquid fuels and gas by a licensee; and

   “wholesaling” means selling of liquid fuels and gas on wholesale terms by a holder of a wholesale licence.

PART II
GENERAL PRINCIPLES

5.   Objectives

   The objectives of this Act are to—

   (a)   ensure that the liquid fuels and gas supply of Malawi is adequate, reliable, efficient and economical for the country and the consumers;

   (b)   protect the public safety, health and the environment in all liquid fuels and gas supply operations and installations;

   (c)   protect the occupational safety, health and welfare of people working in the liquid fuels and gas supply industry;

   (d)   ensure equal access to liquid fuels and gas products of adequate quality at competitive prices for all consumers;

   (e)   eliminate discrimination or preferential treatment of any participant, and to prevent monopolistic control of any segment of the chain of supply;

   (f)   create favourable conditions for new participation and investors in order to improve and expand the infrastructure of the chain of supply; and

   (g)   promote empowerment of Malawians to participate in the liquid fuels and gas supply industry through operation and ownership of retail outlets.

6.   Activities in chain of supply open to any person

   (1) Any and all activities in the chain of supply, save those mentioned in paragraph (g) of section 5, shall be open to any person whether private or public, domestic or foreign subject to the provisions of this Act and any other applicable written law.

   (2) A holder of a wholesale licence shall own and run a maximum of two retail outlets and shall franchise out the rest of his retail outlets to Malawians.

PART III
FUNCTIONS OF THE MINISTER

7.   Functions of the Minister

   The Minister, or any person to whom the functions referred to in this section may have been delegated by notice published in the Gazette, shall—

   (a)   advise the President and the Cabinet on liquid fuels and gas policy matters and supply strategies;

   (b)   initiate legislation and make the necessary regulations in order to ensure that there is at all times a continuous, secure and adequate supply of liquid fuels and gas at competitive price for all consumers and ensure the availability of adequate import, transport, storage and distribution facilities within and outside the country in the chain of supply;

   (c)   oversee the Strategic Fuel Reserve Facility;

   (d)   approve the National Liquid Fuels and Gas Emergency Plan;

   (e)   impose levies; and

   (f)   perform those other functions assigned to him by this Act or any other applicable written laws.

PART IV
LIQUID FUELS AND GAS PRODUCTION LICENCE

8.   Obligation to obtain a production licence

   (1) No person shall carry out production activities referred to in section 9 without having obtained a production licence in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

   (2) Any person who fails to comply with subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence.

9.   Production activities to be licensed

   The following production activities shall be licensed by the Authority—

   (a)   the production of crude oil and gas;

   (b)   the refining of crude oil into refined products;

   (c)   the production of ethanol fuel; and

   (d)   the production of bio-diesel.

10.   Application for a production licence

   (1) An application for a licence for one or more production activities shall be in a prescribed form, and shall be filed with the Authority.

   (2) The procedure for filing, evaluating and approving the applications and the documentation to be submitted by the applicant under subsection (1) shall be prescribed by regulations.

   (3) The Authority shall, during the process of application evaluating and approval, treat all applications equally without any discrimination or preferences, and the Authority may not require or impose any terms or conditions, which are not specified or authorized by this Act.

   (4) Whenever required to do so by any applicable written law, an applicant, shall obtain the necessary environmental authorization, and prepare and file an environmental management plan or an environmental impact study as a condition for obtaining a production licence under this section.

11.   Application fees and expenses

   (1) The Authority may employ experts for the purpose of evaluating an application for licence under section 10, and the Authority shall pay for the services of such experts.

   (2) An applicant for a production licence or for the renewal or assignment of a production licence shall pay an application fee to the Authority.

   (3) The expenses for experts under subsection (1) and the application fees under subsection (2) shall be prescribed by the regulations.

12.   Approval of applications

   (1) The Authority shall, after due evaluation of the application under section 10, issue a production licence in the prescribed form, and may establish special terms and conditions.

   (2) The Authority shall notify the applicant of the approval or rejection of his application for granting, renewal or assignment within thirty days from the date of receipt of an application for a production licence and, if an application is rejected the authority shall notify the applicant in writing stating the reasons for the rejection of the application.

   (3) If the applicant is not notified within the period stated in subsection (2), the applicant may serve written notice on the Authority and the Authority shall, within fourteen days from the receipt of such notice, review the application and notify the applicant of its decision to approve or reject the application; and if the applicant is not so notified within the period of fourteen days, the application shall be deemed to be approved by the Authority, and the applicant shall be entitled to immediately receive the appropriate documentation from the Authority confirming the granting, renewal or assignment of the production licence as applied for.

13.   Validity of production licences

   A production licence issued under section 12 shall have a duration of one to five years depending on the type of the activity the licence covers, and shall be renewable in accordance with conditions prescribed in regulations.

14.   Assignment of production licence

   No production licence issued under section 12 may be assigned by or transferred from the holder to another person without the prior written approval of the Authority, unless otherwise provided for in regulations.

15.   Suspension, revocation or termination of production licence

   Notwithstanding any other remedies or penalties for offences provided for under this Act or any other written law—

   (a)   a production licence may be suspended by the Authority in case of contravention of provisions of the Act concerning the protection of occupational safety, health and welfare, public safety, public health and the environment or for other reasons stated by this Act or Energy Laws;

   (b)   a production licence may be revoked by the Authority in the event that the holder fails to remedy or repeats violation of provisions of this Act concerning the protection of occupational safety, health, welfare, public safety, public health and the environmental and other reasons stated by this Act; and

   (c)   a production licence may be revoked by the Authority at the instance of the holder of the licence applying for revocation or termination in accordance with regulations.

PART V
LIQUID FUELS AND GAS CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATING LICENCES

16.   Obligation to obtain a licence

   (1) No person shall carry out the construction or modification of installations and facilities of the chain of supply mentioned in section 17 without having obtained a licence in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

   (2) No person shall perform liquid fuels and gas supply operations mentioned in section 17 without having obtained a licence in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

   (3) Any person who fails to comply with subsection (1) or subsection (2) shall be guilty of an offence.

17.   Activities to be licensed

   The following activities in the chain of supply shall be licensed by the Authority—

   (a)   the importation of liquid fuels and gas;

   (b)   the wholesaling of liquid fuels and gas;

   (c)   the storage of liquid fuels and gas;

   (d)   the transportation of liquid fuels and gas; and

   (e)   the retailing of liquid fuels and gas.

18.   Application for a licence

   (1) An application for a licence for one or more activities in the chain of supply shall be in a prescribed form, and shall be filed with the Authority.

   (2) The procedure for filing, evaluating and approving the applications and the documentation to be submitted by the applicant under subsection (1) shall be prescribed by regulations.

   (3) The Authority shall, during the process of application, evaluating and approval, treat all applications equally without any discrimination or preferences, and the Authority may not require or impose any terms or conditions, which are not specified or authorized by this Act.

   (4) Whenever required to do so by any applicable written law, the applicant shall obtain the necessary environmental authorization, prepare and file an environmental management plan and an environmental impact study as a condition for obtaining a licence under this Act.

19.   Application fees and expenses

   (1) The Authority may employ experts for the purpose of evaluating an application under section 18, and the Authority shall pay for the services of such experts.

   (2) An applicant for a licence or for the renewal or assignment of a licence shall pay an application fee to the Authority.

   (3) The expenses for experts under subsection (1) and the fees under subsection (2) shall be prescribed by regulations.

20.   Approval of applications

   (1) The Authority shall, after due evaluation of an application, issue a licence in the prescribed form, and may establish special terms and conditions.

   (2) The Authority shall notify the applicant of the approval or rejection of his application for granting, renewal or assignment within thirty days from the date of receipt of an application for a licence, and if an application is rejected, the Authority shall notify the applicant in writing stating the reasons for the rejection of the application.

   (3) If the applicant is not notified within the period stated in subsection (2), the applicant may serve written notice on the Authority and within fourteen days from the receipt of such notice, the Authority shall review the application and notify the applicant of its decision to approve or reject the application, and if the applicant is not so notified within the period of fourteen days, the application shall be deemed to be approved by the Authority, and the applicant shall be entitled to immediately receive the appropriate documentation by the Authority confirming the granting, renewal or assignment of the licence as applied for.

21.   Validity of licences

   A licence issued under section 20 shall have a duration of one to five years, depending on the type of the activity the licence covers, and shall be renewable in accordance with conditions prescribed in regulations.

22.   Assignment of licences

   No licence issued under section 20 may be assigned by or transferred from the holder to another person without the prior written approval of the Authority, unless otherwise provided for in regulations.

23.   Suspension, revocation or termination of licences

   Notwithstanding any other remedies or penalties for offences provided for under this Act or any other written law—

   (a)   a licence may be suspended by the Authority in case of violations of provisions of the Act concerning the protection of occupational safety, health and welfare, public safety, public health and the environment or for other reasons stated by this Act or Energy Laws;

   (b)   a licence may be revoked by the Authority in the event that the holder fails to remedy or repeats violation of provisions of this Act concerning the protection of occupational safety, health, welfare, public safety, public health and the environmental and other reasons stated by this Act; and

   (c)   a licence may be revoked by the Authority at the instance of the holder of the licence applying for revocation or termination in accordance with regulations made under this Act.

PART VI
OBLIGATIONS OF THE HOLDERS OF LICENCES

24.   Compliance with laws, regulations, standards and specifications

   All licensees and all persons working under the direction of, licensees, as well as the installations and equipment used by them, shall comply with all applicable laws and regulations, standards and technical specifications concerning the protection of occupational safety, health, welfare, public safety, public health and the environment and with all other applicable written laws.

25.   Inspection and information

   (1) A licensee shall submit or make available for inspection reports, keep records and furnish information as required by the Authority for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this Act.

   (2) A licensee shall maintain an address in Malawi to which communications may be sent, and shall give notice to the Authority of that address and any change thereof.

   (3) For the purpose of carrying out inspections or other monitoring and enforcement actions as specified in regulations, the Authority may at any time enter upon any area, premises or working area where construction works of liquid fuels and gas production and supply operations are being performed by a licensee.

26.   Minister to establish minimum stock requirements

   (1) In order to assure the security and continuity of the liquid fuels and gas supply of the country, the Minister, on the recommendation of the Authority, may require that all or certain groups of licensees, including industrial consumers buying for wholesale distributors, maintain commercial stocks and minimum stocks of liquid fuels and gas or of all certain liquid fuels and gas products which they handle and taking into account the required storage capacity as stated in their respective licences.

   (2) The details of the minimum stocks of liquid fuels and gas referred to in subsection (1) shall be specified in regulations.

27.   National Liquid Fuels and Gas Information System

   (1) There is hereby established the National Liquid Fuels and Gas Information System which shall be organized and maintained by the Authority.

   (2) All information contained in the National Liquid Fuels and Gas Information System shall be available for inspection by any public or private person with the exception of information which has been qualified as confidential in order to protect proprietary market data or for other lawful reason as defined by the Authority in its discretion.

28.   Reports and information to be submitted

   Every licensee shall submit to the Authority periodic reports and other information for the National Liquid Fuels and Gas Information System as prescribed by the Authority by regulations.

29.   Central Registry of Liquid Fuels and Gas Operations

   (1) The Authority shall establish and maintain the Central Registry of Liquid Fuels and Gas Operations which shall form part of the National Liquid Fuels and Gas Information System.

   (2) The Central Registry of Liquid Fuels and Gas Operations shall include a record of all applications, grants, variations, assignments, other transfers, suspensions and revocations of licences and all relevant information about the licensees and their operations and installations.

   (3) The Central Registry of Liquid Fuels and Gas Operations maintained by the Authority under subsection (1) shall be open to public scrutiny.

PART VII
ASSURANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION

30.   Prohibition against activities contrary to principles of fair competition

   (1) All liquid fuels and gas operations shall be subject to the provisions of any other written law which prohibits anti-competitive trade practices and regulates and monitors monopolies and concentrations of economic power as defined in such written law and which are contrary to the principles of fair competition or are intended to impede the functioning of a free market for liquid fuels and gas products in the country.

   (2) Subject to the provisions of any written law regulating competition and fair trading, all participants in the chain of supply shall sell their products and offer their services to all interested persons without undue delay and without any form of deliberate discrimination by means of quality, quantity or price.

   (3) The Authority shall monitor the conditions of the market and the trade practices of the participants in the chain of supply and shall cooperate with and assist any competent authority in the exercise of its functions under any written law regulating competition and fair trading and in the determination and prosecution of offences thereunder.

31.   Negotiated access to unused capacities of third party facilities

   (1) In order to foster the creation of a competitive liquid fuels and gas product market for present and future participants in the access to essential facilities, such as depots, pipelines and marine terminals a licensee who is the operator or owner of a facility which has the availability of unused capacities, may, subject to subsection (2) negotiate in good faith with any qualified person interested in the usage of all or part of such capacity in order to establish the tariff and other reasonable terms and conditions for using the facility.

   (2) A person interested to utilize the unused capacity of a licensee referred to in subsection (1) shall hold or have applied for the licence required for the respective operation and shall provide proof of his capability to pay the tariff and fulfill other financial and technical conditions as agreed upon with the owner or operator of the facility.

   (3) Any agreement negotiated under subsection (1) shall be subject to approval by the Authority.

   (4) The minimum terms and conditions of the agreement to be approved by the Authority under subsection (3) shall be prescribed in regulations.

PART VIII
PROTECTION OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, HEALTH AND WELFARE, PUBLIC SAFETY, PUBLIC HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT

32.   Adoption and adaptation of international standards and specifications

   (1) In order to upgrade the quality of the infrastructure of the chain of supply and the services provided by licensees to the standards of the international liquid fuels and gas industry, the Authority, in cooperation with the relevant agencies, shall develop and establish national standards that are in line with prevailing international standards, technical specifications and codes of practice.

   (2) The Authority may adopt and declare as compulsory standards in accordance with the provisions of this Act the standards, specifications, and codes of practice as established under subsection (1) by the organizations which are recognized by the international liquid fuels and gas industry in matters of quality, industrial safety and environmental protection, after being adapted as necessary, taking into account the social-economic realities of the domestic liquid fuels and gas market and the technical conditions and required adjustment periods and transitory exceptions for the chain of supply.

   (3) The Authority, in coordination with the competent environmental authorities, shall ensure that where a licensee abandons a site for whatever reason, such site is restored to such environmental standards acceptable to both the competent environmental authorities and the Authority.

33.   Environmental impact studies

   (1) The Authority, in coordination with the competent environmental authorities, shall establish the classification of liquid fuels and gas supply operation projects within the chain of supply which shall require environmental impact assessment studies under the relevant written law as a condition of the granting of a licence under this Act.

   (2) In the event that an environmental impact study is required or other conditions are to be met in accordance with the provisions of any written law for the protection of the environment, the Authority shall refer the applicant to the competent environmental authorities.

PART IX
NATIONAL LIQUID FUELS AND GAS EMERGENCY PLAN AND THE STRATEGIC FUEL RESERVE STORAGE

34.   National Liquid Fuels and Gas Emergency Plan

   (1) In order to respond to accidents, emergencies, natural disasters or other interruptions or distortions of the product liquid fuels and gas supply by force majeure, negligence or willful misconduct, the Authority, shall develop a National Liquid Fuels and Gas Emergency Plan.

   (2) The details of the elaboration, content and implementation of the National Liquid Fuels and Gas Emergency Plan shall be established by regulations.

   (3) The National Liquid Fuels and Gas Emergency Plan shall be approved by the Minister and published in the Gazette.

   (4) In case of emergency for the reasons mentioned in subsection (1) the Authority, after consultation with the Minister, may temporarily intervene in the chain of supply or implement other measures or restrictions provided for in the National Liquid Fuels and Gas Emergency Plan.

35.   Strategic Fuel Reserve Storage

   The Government shall establish and manage a Strategic Fuel Reserve Storage.

PART X
PRODUCT PRICES, TAXES AND LEVIES

36.   Approval of prices

   (1) The price band for liquid fuels and gas products throughout the chain of supply shall be subject to approval by the Authority from time to time.

   (2) The Authority shall establish adequate procedures for the monitoring of consumer prices for liquid fuels and gas, and shall monthly publish the results and reference prices to be used for monitoring purposes as shall be calculated by the Authority in accordance with a formula prescribed by regulations.

   (3) A licensee shall not charge a consumer any price more than that approved by the Authority.

37.   Advisory committees

   (1) In addition to any advisory committee that the Authority may establish under section 16 of the Energy Regulations Act, the Authority shall establish the following committees—

   (a)   Liquid Fuels and Gas Pricing Advisory Committee; and

   (b)   Liquid Fuels and Gas Licensing Advisory Committee.

   (2) The composition of the Advisory Committees established under subsection (1) shall be published in the Gazette.

38.   Levies

   (1) The Minister may, by order published in the Gazette, impose the levies specified in the Schedule on sales of liquid fuels and gas.

   (2) The Minister may, by order published in the Gazette, amend the Schedule.

   (3) The sums of money raised by way of the levies imposed by the Minister under subsection (1) shall be collected and disbursed to the relevant institutions by the Authority.

PART XI
MEDIATION AND APPEALS

39.   Mediation by the Authority

   (1) Any dispute between licensees in the chain of supply or between a licensee and a consumer concerning the application of this Act may be brought by any of the parties involved before the Authority for mediation under the Energy Regulation Act.

   (2) The Authority may ask the partners to appear before the Authority and may request for information and documentation which the Authority considers necessary and may conduct other investigations.

40.   Appeal to the High Court

   Any person who is aggrieved by any decision of the Authority may appeal to the High Court.

PART XII
OFFENCES AND PENALTIES

41.   Offences

   Any person commits an offence who—

   (a)   refuses, delays or fails to produce any document or other information relating to liquid fuels and gas production and supply operations and installations which may be required to be produced under this Act;

   (b)   knowingly or without reasonable grounds for believing the same to be true furnishes any document or other information which is false or misleading in any material aspect whether upon demand or otherwise;

   (c)   publishes or otherwise discloses any information in contravention of any provision of this Act;

   (d)   resists, hinders or obstructs an officer of the Authority or any other person who acts in compliance with the provisions of this Act to enter or inspect any premises or to stop and search any vehicle or to examine any books, accounts or other records or to otherwise comply with his duties and rights under this Act; or

   (e)   refuses, delays or fails to comply with any order, prohibition, direction, demand, requirement or notice lawfully made, served, published or otherwise given under this Act.

42.   Penalties

   Any person who commits an offence under this Act shall be liable upon conviction to a fine of K50,000,000 and to imprisonment for ten years.

43.   Joint liability

   (1) Where a person charged with any offence under this Act is a body corporate and every person who, at the time of the occurrence of the offence, was a chief executive officer, manager or officer of such body corporate, may be charged jointly in the same proceedings with the body corporate if that person was a party to the commission of the offence.

   (2) Any partner in any firm shall be answerable and jointly and severally liable for the acts or omissions of any other partner in the same firm in so far as they concern the firm.

   (3) Any licensee who employs in or for his operation or place of business any agent, clerk, servant or other person, shall be answerable and liable for any acts or omissions of such employees in so far as they concern the business of the licensee.

44.   Initiation of actions by consumers

   Any consumer of liquid fuels and gas products or any recognized consumer organization may initiate action against any licensee for offences under this Act, provided that such consumer or consumer organization has previously filed a complaint with the Authority and feels aggrieved by the acts or omissions of the Authority in response to such complaint.

PART XIII
MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

45.   Rehabilitation of area damaged by operations

   (1) There may be included in a licence such conditions relating to—

   (a)   the reinstatement, leveling, regressing, reforesting and contouring of any part of the area that may have been damaged or deleteriously affected by operations of a licensee; and

   (b)   the filling in, sealing or fencing off, of excavations, shafts and tunnels,

as the Authority may, in any particular case, determine.

   (2) Where any condition is to be included in a licence pursuant to subsection (1), the Authority may require the licensee to lodge with Authority, within such time as the Authority may require, security for the performance of the conditions in such amount and form as the Authority may deem appropriate.

46.   Regulations

   The Minister may, in consultation with the Authority, make such regulations as he may deem expedient to give force or effect to this Act or for its better administration.

47.   By-laws

   The Authority may make by-laws to give effect to this Act or for its better administration and shall publish a draft of the proposed by-laws for comment by members of the public or licensees and shall consider any comments given before putting such by-laws into effect.

48.   Transitory regime for licences

   (1) Where any lawful act or thing required or permitted to be done by or under this Act was done before the effective date of this Act, it shall be deemed to have been done under or by virtue of this Act.

   (2) The present licensees in the chain of supply, whether licensed or not under any other applicable legislation, shall adjust their operations and facilities in order to comply with the provisions of this Act within a transition period of not more than twelve months from the effective date of this Act, subject to a transitory regime which shall be proposed by the Authority for approval by the Minister and before the expiration of the respective transition period each licensee in the chain of supply shall apply for the applicable licences under this Act.

   (3) Any person who held a licence relating to the chain of supply before the commencement of this Act shall be required to obtain a new licence from the Authority within ninety days of the coming into force of this Act.

49.   Repeal and savings

   (1) The following Acts are repealed—

   (a)   the Petroleum Control Commission Act; and

   (b)   the Petroleum Act.

   (2) Any subsidiary legislation made under the Petroleum Control Commission Act and the Petroleum Act, repealed by subsection (1), in force immediately before the commencement of this Act—

   (a)   shall remain in force unless in conflict with this Act and shall be deemed to be subsidiary legislation made under this Act; and

   (b)   may be replaced, amended or repealed by subsidiary legislation made under this Act.

   (3) The Preservation of Public Security (Conservation of Motor Fuel) Regulations made under the Preservation of Public Security Act shall be deemed to be subsidiary legislation made under this Act, and shall be administered by the Authority.

SCHEDULE

LEVIES

   1. Road levy

   2. Malawi Bureau of Standards cess

   3. Rural electrification levy

   4. Maize/drought levy

   5. Fuel price stabilization levy

SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION

LIQUID FUELS AND GAS (PRODUCTION AND SUPPLY) REGULATIONS

ARRANGEMENT OF REGULATIONS

   REGULATION

PART I
PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS

   1.   Citation

   2.   Interpretation

   3.   Objectives

PART II
LICENSING

Division 1—General Provisions

   4.   Application of this Part

   5.   Prohibition of unlawful activities

   6.   Requirement for licensing

   7.   Application fees for licence

   8.   Acknowledgement of application

   9.   Consideration of applications

   10.   Licences

   11.   Suspension or revocation of licences

   12.   Licence fees

Division 2—Production Licence

   13.   Application for a Production Licence

   14.   Form of application for a Production Licence

   15.   Expenses of Authority in processing a Production Licence

   16.   Validity of a Production Licence

   17.   Application for renewal of a Production Licence and Fees

Division 3—Importation Licence

   18.   Application for an Importation Licence

   19.   Form of application for an Importation Licence

   20.   Expenses of Authority in processing an Importation Licence

   21.   Validity of an Importation Licence

   22.   Application for renewal of an Importation Licence and Fees

Division 4—Transportation Licence

   23.   Application for a Transportation Licence

   24.   Form of Application for a Transportation Licence

   25.   Validity of a Transportation Licence

   26.   Application for renewal of a Transportation Licence and Fees

Division 5—Storage Licence

   27.   Application for a Storage Licence

   28.   Form of application for a Storage Licence

   29.   Validity of a Storage Licence

   30.   Application for renewal of a Storage Licence and Fees

Division 6—Wholesale Licence

   31.   Application for a Wholesale Licence

   32.   Form of application for a Wholesale Licence

   33.   Validity of a Wholesale Licence

   34.   Application for renewal of a Wholesale Licence and Fees

Division 7—Retail Licence

   35.   Application for a Retail Licence

   36.   Form of Application for a Retail Licence

   37.   Validity and renewal of a Retail Licence

   38.   Application for renewal of a Retail Licence and Fees

   39.   Standards for construction and maintenance of retail fuel outlets

Division 8—Prohibition of Exportation of Liquid Fuels and Gas

   40.   Prohibition of exportation of liquid fuels and gas

PART III
LIQUID FUELS AND GAS PRICING

Division 1—General Provisions

   41.   Maximum soiling price

   42.   Approval of maximum prices

   43.   Review and revision of price build-up

   44.   Average IBLC

   45.   Publication of route shares

Division 2—Pricing of Petrol, Diesel, Paraffin and Aviation Fuels

   46.   Determination of maximum prices

   47.   Determination of FOB

   48.   Mode of transporting fuel into Malawi

   49.   Determination of maximum transport costs

   50.   Determination of GIT

   51.   Determination of handling charges

   52.   Normal fuel loss

   53.   Recoverable fuel loss

Division 3—Pricing of Bio-Fuels and Gas

   54.   Pricing of bio-fuels and gas

   55.   Determination of bio-fuels prices

   56.   Determination of gas prices

   57.   Personal attendance

Division 4—Offences and Penalties

   58.   Offences and Penalties

PART IV
STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS

Division 1—Application of this Part

   59.   Application of this Part

Division 2—Petrol Standard Specifications

   60.   Approved petrol

   61.   Composition of petrol

   62.   Compliance with petrol standard specifications

   63.   Marking and labelling on petrol pumps and containers

   64.   Testing petrol for compliance

   65.   Construction of sampling cans

   66.   Preparation for use of sampling cans

   67.   Mode of samplecollection

   68.   No sample collection in direct sunlight

   69.   Storage, labelling and transportation of samples

Division 3—Diesel Standard Specifications

   70.   Approved diesel

   71.   Composition of diesel

   72.   Compliance with diesel standard specifications

   73.   Prohibition against contaminants

   74.   Grades of diesel and their composition

   75.   Approved diesel storage stability

   76.   Marking and labelling of diesel pumps, tanks and containers

   77.   Testing diesel for compliance

Division 4—Paraffin Standard Specifications

   78.   Use of paraffin

   79.   Composition of paraffin

   80.   Compliance with paraffin specifications

   81.   Approved smoke point

   82.   Approved net specific energy and testing

   83.   Approved burning qualities

   84.   Approved paraffin storage stability

   85.   Storage and transportation of paraffin

   86.   Marking and labelling of paraffin pumps, tanks and containers

   87.   Compliance procedures for paraffin

Division 5—Other Fuel and Gas Standard Specifications

   88.   Approved standard specifications for other fuels and gas

   89.   Testing procedures for compliance

   90.   Storage and transportation of ethanol and gas

Division 6—Offences and Penalties

   91.   Offences and penalties

PART V
STORAGE OF LIQUID FUEL AND GAS

Division 1—Preliminary Provisions

   92.   Application of this Part

Division 2—Preparation, Construction and Maintenance of Storage Facilities

   93.   Storage tanks for liquid fuels

   94.   Storage sheds

   95.   Storage of gas

Division 3—Management of Storage Area

   96.   Conditions for management and control of storage area

   97.   Prohibition against dispensing of liquid fuels

   98.   Prohibition against soldering

Division 4—Miscellaneous Provisions

   99.   Storage of liquid fuels in buildings

   100.   Storage in machinery or motor vehicles

   101.   Reporting accidents

PART VI
THIRD PARTY STORAGE CAPACITY ACCESS CONTRACTS

Division 1—Preliminary Provisions

   102.   Application of this Part

Division 2—General Provisions

   103.   Third party capacity storage access contract

   104.   Approval by the Authority

   105.   Compliance

   106.   Disclosure

Division 3—Eligibility and Minimum Terms

   107.   Eligibility

   108.   Minimum terms and conditions

   109.   Other terms and conditions

Division 4—Submission and Approval

   110.   Submission to the Authority

   111.   Corrections and resubmissions

   112.   Mediation

PART VII
MINIMUM STOCKS AND STRATEGIC STORAGE RESERVES

Division 1—Application of this Part

   113.   Application of this Part

Division 2—Minimum Stocks

   114.   Minimum stocks

   115.   Determinative factors

   116.   Strategic fuel reserve storage

   117.   Commercial storage rationalization rules

   118.   Coastal facilities

   119.   Direct fuel importation

   120.   Wholesaler’s obligations

Division 3—Determination of Minimum Stocks

   121.   Determination and publication

   122.   Maximum and idle storage capacity

PART VIII
EMERGENCY PLAN

Division 1—Application of this Part

   123.   Application of this Part

Division 2—General Provisions

   124.   Declaration of liquid fuel emergency

   125.   Authority’s mandate in an emergency

   126.   Consultations

   127.   Suspension or revocation of declaration of liquid emergency

Division 3—National Liquid Fuels and Gas Emergency Plan

   128.   National Liquid Fuels and Gas Emergency Plan

   129.   Guiding principles and factors

   130.   Corrective measures

PART IX
MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

   131.   Inspection

   132.   Provision of information

   133.   General offence and penalties

   Schedules

      First Schedule — Forms

      Second Schedule — Licences

      Third Schedule — Licence Fees

      Fourth Schedule — Standard Specifications

      Fifth Schedule — Preparation, Construction and Maintenance of Storage Facilities

G.N. 4/2009
31/2010

LIQUID FUELS AND GAS (PRODUCTION AND SUPPLY) REGULATIONS

under s. 46

PART I
PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS

1.   Citation

   These Regulations may be cited as the Liquid Fuels and Gas (Production and Supply) Regulations.

2.   Interpretation

   In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires—

   “additive” means a chemical compound added to petrol, diesel or illumination paraffin to improve either its performance or storage stability or both;

   “Automatic Pricing Mechanism” or “APM” means the automatic mechanism for the determination of liquid fuels and gas prices provided for under these Regulations;

   “ASTM method” means a test method published by the American Society for Testing and Materials, 1916 Race Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103, USA;

   “batch” means a quantity of premium or blended petrol in a single consignment blended or processed at one given time;

   “bulk” means a quantity above four hundred litres of petroleum product;

   “defective” means any container or contents therein which fails in one or more respects to comply with these Regulations;

   “emergency” means any accident, natural disaster, negligence or willful misconduct, civil strife, rioting or state of war or state of national emergency that has profound effect on the supply or availability of liquid fuels and gas in Malawi;

   “final boiling point” means the maximum temperature reading noted during the final phase of a distillation carried out under standardized conditions;

   “flash point” means the minimum temperature to which a product must be heated for the vapours emitted to ignite momentarily in the presence of a flame when operating under standardized conditions;

   “free on board” or “f.o.b.” means the premium agreed upon between an importer and supplier of liquid fuels and gas plus the monthly averageprice of the product on the international market;

   “Goods In-Transit” or “GIT” means the insurance cover provided for goods in transit;

   “handling charges” means all clearing charges of liquid fuels and gas at the border plus road transport broker’s commissions;

   “idle storage capacity” means any storage capacity which is available on any storage facility and is currently not in use and the licensee does not intend to put it to any use in the next six months or more;

   “In-bond landed costs” or “IBLC” means the cost of landing fuel in Malawi;

   “Inspector” means any person appointed or authorized as such by the Authority;

   “IP method” means a test method published by the Institute of Petroleum, 61 New Cavendish Street, London W1M 8AR, England;

   “IP Scale” means the scale from 0.5 (lightest) to 8 (darkest) applied to automotive, domestic, commercial, industrial and marine middle distillates of paraffin;

   “lot” means a quantity of diesel fuel in one storage or transit tank or any number of drums containing diesel fuels and marked with the same brand nameor trade mark from one manufacturer, submitted at any one time for inspection and testing;

   “MBS” means Malawi Bureau of Standards;

   “minimum stocks” means the smallest amount of liquid fuels or gas that a licensee shall be required to keep in stock at all material times;

   “octane number” means the number on a conventional scale, expressing the antiknock value of a fuel for spark ignition engines expressed as the percentage of iso-octane in a mixture of n-heptanewith theiso-octanehaving the same antiknock quality as the fuel in question;

   “Price stabilization Fund” or “PSI” means a fund managed by the Malawi Energy Regulator Authority to cater for IBLC fluctuations of at least 5%;

   “retail terms” means selling of petroleum products to an end consumer at a site;

   “Saybolt Scale” means the scale from +30 (lightest) to -16 (darkest) applied generally to domestic and aviation kerosenes.

   “storage area” means any area within Malawi where liquid fuel or gas is stored;

   “storage shed” means a shed constructed for purposes of storing liquid fuels;

   “storage tank” means any tank used for the storage of liquid fuels in bulk;

   “the Government” means the ministry responsible for energy affairs in Malawi;

   “third party storage capacity access” means any written agreement by virtue of which one licensee can use another licensee’s idle storage capacity for storing liquid fuels or gas;

   “transport costs, means the cost of transporting fuel into Malawi either by rail or road or any other means approved by the Authority;

   “wholesale terms” means the purchase and sale in bulk of petroleum products by a licensed wholesaler, or from another licensed wholesaler, or from a licensed manufacturer, or sale to a licensed retailer or to an end-consumer for own consumption:

   Provided that the end-consumer has own storage capacity which is duly registered by the Authority.

3.   Objectives

   The objectives of these Regulations are—

   (a)   to regulate the production, importation, transportation and sale of liquid fuels and gas and to license certain related activities;

   (b)   to regulate prices of liquid fuels and gas and set minimum standards to be complied with by licensees;

   (c)   to set up measures which would ensure continuous availability and reliable supply of fuel in Malawi at all material times;

   (d)   to set out minimum stocks of liquid fuels and gas storage in Malawi;

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